Canada's Arctic a "telecommunications backwater:" report
Operation Nanook 2009 suffered communications meltdown
Arctic Canada is a telecommunications backwater and without a federal
strategy to increase bandwidth and reduce costs, the North risks falling
even further behind.
That's the conclusion of a study called the Arctic Communications
Infrastructure Assessment http://www.aciareport.ca/ , compiled on behalf
of a working group of public safety officials.
"Canadians are becoming more reliant on communication services in every
aspect of their lives, and the Arctic is no exception," the assessment
"Arctic residents must have reliable, affordable communications
infrastructure to engage in 21st century opportunities—many
communities' long term survival will depend on it."
The Arctic communications scene is riddled by high prices, slow service,
and gaps in service areas.
And governments haven't figured out ways to promote the competition that
could bring down costs.
The bandwidth situation is so bad that in Nunavut, the Department of Human
Resources struggles to fully comply with recommendations from the Auditor
General of Canada, because there isn't enough bandwidth to run needed
And the lack of bandwidth also means that Nunavut's new high-tech drivers
licenses take longer to be issued because the information can't be sent
over the internet.
The report says government workers in the communities have to send out
memory sticks containing driver data on airplanes to Iqaluit so the
licenses can be printed.
"We have a state-of-the-art vehicle pulled by a team of dogs," said
Kathleen Lausman, the deputy minister of Nunavut's Department of Community
and Government Services.
The study was originally commissioned after Operation Nanook in 2009, when
an exercise involving hundreds of soldiers and government personnel
overwhelmed Iqaluit's telecommunications network.
That incident put northern communications on the radar for police,
emergency responders and the military.
It's also on the agenda for a meeting of first responders that was to take
place in Iqaluit Aug. 30.
"Communication infrastructure in the Arctic is fragile, creating a high
level of vulnerability that can jeopardize the safety and security of
Canadian citizens," the report states.
"Information is key for responders to be prepared. Early identification of
requirements for emergency services is important to avoid 11th hour
problems accessing services."
Even though the military has its own communications networks, other first
responders still have to rely on local systems to run their own
The report calls for the creation of satellite "hotspots" that would allow
officials to use internet, data and voice systems in remote communities
during an emergency.